The landscape of file formats is constantly shifting as new possibilities are developed. And spread, only to be supplanted by superior alternatives. Certain file types grow over time, adding additional characteristics that make them worth staying around.
Staying on top of the latest file formats is essential for web developers and those who wish to boost efficiency in the workplace.
As the worldwide desire develops for downloading data, so does your requirement for innovation.
For the year 2022, we’ve compiled a list of the 10 most important new file formats.
What Is a Next-Generation File Format?
As a prelude to the list, let’s define “next-generation file types.”
In general, they are file formats that have much more capabilities than the existing standard. Better compression, ease of use on mobile devices or the internet. Open codes that make it simple to work with might all be examples of this kind of improvement.
Lossy and lossless compression are supported by WebP, a Google-developed picture format. Image files having the same quality as JPEG, PNG, and GIF but with reduced file sizes are its major goal.
Few end-users care about picture file size. Because data storage has risen far faster than image file sizes.
As a result, WebP’s storage reductions offer a substantial advantage for firms that host a large number of websites.
web-based applications are at the heart of WebP’s design.
In contrast to many other image file formats, viewing WebP pictures offline necessitates the use of a specific reader that isn’t native to WebP. This issue may fade away with time, but for now, it remains a major issue.
There are still certain difficulties with WebP, such as blurriness and the inability to alter or examine information. Even if it eventually replaces other popular picture formats on websites. Look for it more frequently on websites that include a lot of photographs at the moment.
To put it simply, HEVC stands for High-Efficiency Video Coding. Which is a major upgrade to video storage and processing by the Moving Pictures Expert Group. It’s the successor to Advanced Video Coding (AVC), which is utilized by Blu-Ray players.
This format’s major objective is to preserve the video quality of AVC while improving compression and speeding up data transport.
As more and more people switch to 4K displays and channels, this is extremely crucial for broadcasts.
A standard definition video stream consumes roughly 0.7 GB of bandwidth per hour. That is depending on factors such as compression. Increasing market adoption of 8K video will drive it up even further, bringing the total to 7 GB, a tenfold increase.
If a company can compress video data without sacrificing quality, the better off it will be. In the short term, HEVC is expected to replace existing high-definition video formats, at least until a better choice is developed.
For good reason, Adobe’s Portable Document Format (PDF) is one of the most popular next-generation file formats. It’s also a very ancient format, but because of Adobe’s active support and the continuous addition of new features. It manages to maintain its standing.
Adobe has recently begun adding additional features to PDF files, such as video, 3D, and music.
Printing will not reveal them, but they provide you a lot more flexibility with PDFs than you had with flat pages in the past.
At this point, PDFs are functionally close to being self-contained apps. For the year 2022, PDF files will be essential to know because of their many useful features. That includes fillable forms, signature acceptance, content sharing, and even built-in file compression. There are several well-known PDF readers, such as Adobe Acrobat and Foxit PDF.
The most essential thing is to keep up with the latest updates.
Aside from its advanced capabilities, PDF files’ most significant characteristic is their ability to be printed. Mixing options such as fillable fields helps organizations. That avoids the possibility of the user unintentionally deleting things or damaging the printing format by clearly labeling where to add information.
Businesses will greatly benefit from this combination of flexibility and stability.
A free version of the text documents used by OpenOffice is called OpenDocument Text files. ODT is better known as file storage and layout system, despite its lengthy name.
ODT can hold pictures, objects, layout styles, and other fundamental information like Microsoft’s more common DOCX format.
XML files for ODT files generally contain four components that document readers may put together to create a complete document. Document content, styles, meta-data, and application settings all fall under this category.
In addition to thumbnails and photos, other subdocuments may offer additional information.
ODT’s XML-based foundation makes it more broadly used. These files are compatible with most word processors. As a whole, ODT lacks some of the features of DOCX.
If you’re a company that doesn’t want to become bogged down in Microsoft’s product ecosystem, this is an excellent free alternative.
ODT isn’t likely to displace DOCX anytime soon, because of Microsoft’s monopoly on corporate software. In addition, because it is primarily an offline format, it cannot compete with HTML5. People seldom use this format, but it will still be used from time to time, therefore it’s important to know what it is in case you get documents in this format.
As the successor to Microsoft Word’s prior DOC files, DOCX is the new standard for word processing.
The small file sizes, wide compatibility, and lack of corruption in DOCX files set it apart, even if it isn’t completely ubiquitous.
DOCX and ODT are both based on XML processing. While DOCX is primarily corporate software from one of the world’s largest corporations. It contains several capabilities that rivals do not. Self-contained and works well offline, it includes a huge variety of built-in formatting choices and enables annotations and notes.
DOCX is the most likely format for companies to exchange text files.
That alone is reason enough to keep this format in mind. DOCX and Microsoft Word are so strong and productive that they continue to be popular choices, even with free alternatives like Google Docs.
However, DOCX lacks many of the online functionalities offered by HTML5, which is a major negative. Documents in DOCX format aren’t as useful for firms that perform all of their work, publish, and distribute it online.
Future file-formats range from upgraded versions of existing ones to new ones that can only be used on the most up-to-date devices and software.
In the future, the best solutions will change as technology evolves.
There are some fascinating data storage ramifications to this, as MIT points out. In other words, think about how probable it is that you’ll need to use anything in the future. To choose the optimum file type for a given case, you must take into account your genuine access demands.